These were socialist building trades unions based in Germany in the 1920s, who referred to themselves as public welfare constructors. Organised co-operatively, they were led by the architect, Martin Wagner (1885-1957), who brought them together nationally. Mostly involved in building housing to address the acute housing shortage in Germany at the time, the Bauhütte companies adopted new building methods and materials under the influence of Wagner. They were thus popular with many of the radical architects of the time.
Martin Wagner, 'Path and Goal', in Anton Kaes, Martín Jay and Edward Dimendberg (eds), The Weimar Republic Sourcebook (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), pp. 460-462.
Barbara Miller Lane, Architecture and Politics in Germany 1918-1945 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1971).
Magali Sarfatti Larson, Behind the Postmodern Facade : Architectural Change in Late Twentieth-Century America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).
Nodoka Yanagisawa, '"Public welfare" in the field of house building in 1920s Germany', Socio-economic History: Shakai-keizai-shigaku, 70 (2004): 307-329.
"The active core of the German program [house building in the 1920s] was the public-interest organizations, the regulations of which barred public-housing participants from trading their dwelling on the market or making profits on resale. The non-profit corporations set up by the trade unions and other organizations (including Bauhütten, self-help construction cooperatives that Wagner started in Berlin) acted as clients for the government-financed housing projects."
- Magali Sarfatti Larson, Behind the Postmodern Facade : Architectural Change in Late Twentieth-Century America (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993).
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